What is muscle pain?
Muscles are the main structure that provides movements in our body.
There are special muscle groups that provide every movement. Muscle pain is sometimes felt in these special groups, sometimes in the whole body.
This pain is usually in the form of a stiff or inflammable form and may spread to other regions.
What are the causes of muscle pain?
Muscle pains, or soft tissue rheumatism, may be caused by stress in the muscles or by impaired mechanisms of pain interpretation in the body, such as fibromyalgia.
Other diseases in which myalgia is a prominent finding are myofascial pain syndrome, some vitamins such as polymyaljiaromatika, myopathies and vitamin D and deficiencies of some minerals such as magnesium. Iron deficiency anemia and thyroid disorders may also cause muscle pain.
What types of medical conditions can cause muscle pain?
A person who feels muscle pain should first determine whether the pain is a regional pain or a common pain.
The common pain may be due to rheumatic diseases such as fibromyalgia and myofascial pain syndrome, polymyaljiaromatika, or vitamin deficiencies. After a good examination, the necessary tests should be performed.
In regional muscle pain, it should determine whether the pain is related to the onset time and any trauma. Traumas may be a major trauma such as cramps or falls, as well as unit traumas caused by the accumulation of repetitive small movements. When a relationship with such a trauma is established, the patient can be followed up with follow-up by recommending the patient with a rest and cold application.
Physical therapy exercises
Prior to physical therapy, it is necessary to know the cause of pain and to identify if there is an underlying systemic disease.
After differential diagnosis, treatment is planned according to the diagnosis of the patient. For example, in myofascial pain syndrome, which is one of the common causes of muscle pain, the patient’s complaints are mostly in a muscle group. This muscle group is usually the neck and back muscles and pain as well as stiffness and shortness has developed. As the treatment is aimed at reducing the pain, it is aimed to reduce the pain caused by the pain.
Superficial and deep warm applications, electric currents, massage, stretching exercises are applied to dissolve the painful bands in the muscles. Where no results can be obtained or when the patient has no time for physical therapy, local injection can be performed. Simultaneously with these applications, if the patient has ergonomics training and posture disorder, exercise training is given in the clinic or home exercise.
Another condition characterized by diffuse muscle pain is different from treatment in fibromyalgia syndrome. The condition that causes fibromyalgia is usually the drugs that provide pain modulation, exercise and relaxation training and behavioral treatments when necessary.
What are the physical therapy practices in regional muscle pain?
In addition to the treatment of pain in regional muscle pains, cold application, analgesic currents, muscle strengthening exercises and exercises, as well as deep sensory enhancing exercises are generally used with anti-rheumatic drugs.